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architecture%20buildings%20modern%201920Manchester, England-born Sir Norman Foster was both a graduate of Manchester University School of Architecture and Yale University's Masters in Architecture program. He studied architecture at the University of Tucmán, prior to a scholarship led him to the University of Illinois School of Architecture. Throughout his career, Aalto designed a wide range of work from civic preparation to painting-- designing over 500 structures (including Finlandia Hall and the Paimio Sanatorium, both in Finland) spanning 5 countries, and won the AIA Gold Medal for architecture.
In collaboration with his wife Ray, Eames created an imaginative cumulative, working on furniture, commercial design, production, photography, and movie in addition to architecture. In addition to his architectural work, Venturi is also understood for his theoretical work, including his 1966 book, Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture, and has won the Pritzker Prize.


Here, our list focuses on a few of the icons of modern architecture (the last 150 years), the real masters of their craft. If you ever desired a crash course in the icons of contemporary architecture here it is.
Daniel Libeskind.
In 1959 Libeskind and his family moved to New York City, where Libeskind participated in Bronx High School of Science and later on Cooper Union for architecture. In 1972 Libeskind briefly worked for another architect on our list, Richard Meier. Some other notable works consist of the Grand Canal Theatre in Dublin and the Imperial War Museum North in England.
Richard Meier.
A graduate of Cornell University, Richard Meier dealt with a number of notable designers, like SOM and Marcel Breuer (whose name you might recognize from our 25 Furniture Designers You Need to Know). In 1963, Meier developed his own practice. Among his most well-known jobs are the Getty Museum in Los Angeles, the Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art, and The Hague City Hall and Central Library in the Netherlands. He has won the Pritzker Prize, the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal, and the Royal Gold Medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects.
Sir Norman Foster.
Manchester, England-born Sir Norman Foster was both a graduate of Manchester University School of Architecture and Yale University's Masters in Architecture program. He founded Foster + Partners in 1967, and in 1999, he ended up being a Pritzker Prize winner. Foster + Partners has received over 470 awards and citations for excellence in their 45 years in business, consisting of Gold Medals from the RIBA and the AIA. A few of Foster's most noteworthy works are the 30 St Mary Axe in London, Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters in Ipswich, and Wembley Stadium in London.
Renzo Piano.
Born in Genoa, Italy in 1937, Renzo Piano was predestined to be an architect-- or a minimum of a contractor. His father, four uncles, and sibling were all contractors, so it seems natural that Piano would enter into another nearby field of building. After finishing from Politecnico di Milano School of Architecture, Piano operated in the offices of Louis Khan in Philadelphia. A few of his most famous structure are the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, The New York Times structure in New York City, and the Shard London Bridge. Piano won the Pritzker Prize in 1998 and the AIA Gold Medal in 2008.
Santiago Calatrava.
Spanish architect, artist, and engineer Santiago Calatrava was born in 1957 near Valencia, Spain. His huge break came when he won a competition proposition in 1984 to create and build the Bach De Roda Bridge in Barcelona. Calatrava was not just know for building bridges, but for his large-scale public works as well, such as the Athens Olympic Sports Complex, Auditorio de Tenerife, and the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències.
Rapid eye movement Koolhaas.
In addition to architecture, Koolhaas is likewise an author (S, M, L, XL and Content), a theorist, a city coordinator, a cultural researcher, and a teacher at Harvard. Among his various tasks, he has actually developed the Seattle Central Library, the Netherlands Embassy in Berlin, and the CCTV Headquarters in Beijing (his largest work to date).
Zaha Hadid.
A trainee of Rem Koolhaas, Zaha Hadid is seen as a singular, undeviating force in the world of architecture. She has struggled through her career with both clients and collaborators because of her drive, perseverance, and her being a woman in a male-dominated field. Despite these setbacks, she has ended up being the most well-known female architect in the world. In 2004, Hadid was the very first (and, at the minute, the only person) woman to win the distinguished Pritzker Prize award. Hadid's huge break came from an unforeseen location, when she was commissioned to develop Cincinnati's Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art. The New York Times explains the building as "the most important brand-new structure in America because the Cold War." Once her talent was realized, commissions began coming in to create a range of jobs in public transportation, libraries, archives, and opera homes, including Abu Dhabi Performing Art Center and Bee'ah Headquarters, both in the UAE.
Cesar Pelli.
He studied architecture at the University of Tucmán, prior to a scholarship led him to the University of Illinois School of Architecture. After school, Pelli worked at the firm of Eero Saarinen and Associates. In 1995, he won the AIA Gold Medal for his architectural work.
Walter Gropius.
Walter Gropius is best known as the very first director of the prestigious style school Bauhaus. Gropius actually created the school's 2nd area in Dessau, Germany. Together they developed lots of significant works consisting of the Pennsylvania Pavilion for the 1939 World's Fair and Gropius' personal residence in Lincoln, Massachusetts.
Frank Lloyd Wright.
Frank Lloyd Wright was born in Wisconsin in 1867, simply two years after completion of the Civil War. His rural upbringing set the stage for his long-lasting love and appreciation of nature. Wright is arguably the most popular designer in the U.S. In his life time, he developed 141 works-- including homes, workplaces, churches, museums, schools, and libraries, and he received awards from The Royal Institute of British Architects and the American Institute of Architects. His structures have actually been thought about amongst the most substantial architectural works to be created in the last 100 years; 409 of his finished works are still standing today. Wright also helped produce the open layout-- creating spaces that circulation and open out into each other. His gratitude of nature is evident in his work and its arguable that no other architect took greater advantage of setting and environment than Wright. An example of this mindful consideration can be seen in "Fallingwater," among his most popular designs, in addition to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City and his individual houses, Taliesin and Taliesin West.
Eero Saarinen.
Eero Saarinen was born in Finland in 1910 to a currently established architect father, Eliel Saarinen. The family moved to the U.S. in 1929. Saarinen studied at Yale, and in 1936, he began operating at his father's architecture practice and also taught at Cranbrook, where his daddy had actually been president because it was established in 1932. At Cranbrook, he satisfied Charles Eames and the two collaborated on new furnishings kinds (specifically molded plywood). In the 1940s, Saarinen and Eames took part in the "Organic Design in Home Furnishings" at MoMA. Unlike Eames, Saarinen decided to focus primarily on architecture more so than furnishings, developing the iconic Gateway Arch in St. Louis, the TWA terminal at JFK Airport, and Dulles International Airport near Washington, D.C. He was posthumously awarded the AIA Gold Medal in 1962.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
German-born Ludwig Mies van der Rohe is considered to be a dad of modern-day architecture. One of Mies' most famous architects word whizzle works was his Barcelona Pavilion at the International Exposition in Barcelona (where he likewise created the Barcelona chair). He was granted the AIA Gold Medal and the Royal Gold Medal for his architectural work.
Michael Graves.
Michael Graves is one of the few post-modernists on our list. Born in Indianapolis, Ind., he had a long-standing interest in illustration and painting, which influenced his architecture later on in life. Graves worked with Carl Strauss, Ray Rousen, and George Nelson. Some of his most notable works are the Portland Building in Oregon, the Steigenberger Hotel in Egypt, and the Walt Disney World Swan at Walt Disney World. He won the AIA Gold Medal in 2001.
Le Corbusier.
A leader of contemporary architecture, Le Corbusier's career spanned five years and various continents. Corbusier theorized five points that supported his modernist design of architecture: pilotis, complimentary façade, open floor strategy, unencumbered views, and roofing garden.
SOM, founded by Louis Skidmore, Nathaniel Owings, and John O. Merill, opened their NYC workplace in 1937. SOM is among the largest architectural firms on the planet, using services in architecture, engineering, graphic style, interior decoration, and urban style, to name a few. The business's primary proficiency is in high-end industrial high-rises. The firm has actually created a few of the most popular (and tallest) structures on the planet, such as 7 World Trade Center, the Sears Tower, and Lever House. Skidmore and Owings both won the AIA Gold Medal for their architectural achievements.
Alvar Aalto.
Alvar Aalto was a Finnish designer and designer working in furniture, fabrics, and glassware. Aalto liked to take control of all aspects of a design task, not just creating the structure, but the furnishings, textiles, and home furnishings. Throughout his career, Aalto created a broad variety of work from civic planning to painting-- designing over 500 structures (consisting of Finlandia Hall and the Paimio Sanatorium, both in Finland) spanning five countries, and won the AIA Gold Medal for architecture.
Louis Sullivan.
Louis Sullivan is thought about to be the developer of the contemporary skyscraper and the dad of modernism. He was the coach to Frank Lloyd Wright and an influential figure to the Chicago group of architects that came to be called the Prairie School. Born in Boston in 1856, Sullivan studied architecture for a year at MIT before leaving for the École des Beaux-Arts. Sullivan's most famous works were the National Farmers Bank of Owatonna, Merchants National Bank, and Peoples Federal Savings and Loan. In 1944, he won the AIA Gold Medal.
Charles & Ray Eames.
In cooperation with his spouse Ray, Eames created an imaginative cumulative, working on furnishings, industrial style, manufacturing, photography, and movie in addition to architecture. Their most famous architectural work is their home in Pacific Palisades, Calif., produced as part of the Case Study House program, sponsored by Art & Architecture publication.
Ieoh Ming Pei.
Ieoh Ming (or IM) Pei is typically called the master of modern architecture. In 1935, Pei moved to the U.S. to go to school at Pennsylvania University School of Architecture, ended up transferring to MIT. After finishing, he began studying at Harvard School of Design, where he became pals with Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer.
Philip Johnson.
In 1943, he finished Harvard Graduate School of Design, after which he worked with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Prior to becoming a designer, Philip Johnson was the founding director of MoMA's department of architecture, where he produced his landmark exhibit, "The International Style," in 1932.
Oscar Niemeyer.
Oscar Niemeyer is a Brazilian architect specializing in modern architecture. He was instrumental in improving Brazil's identity in popular culture and in the field of architecture.
Robert Venturi & Denise Scott Brown.
Best understood for his contributions to post-modern architecture, Robert Venturi, in collaboration with his partner Denise Scott Brown, has dealt with a number of noteworthy jobs, including the Seattle Museum of Art and the Sainsbury addition to the National Gallery in London. Born in Philadelphia in 1925, Venturi went to Princeton University, finishing Summa Cum Laude in 1950. He studied under Eero Saarinen (another designer on our list). In addition to his architectural work, Venturi is also understood for his theoretical work, including his 1966 book, Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture, and has actually won the Pritzker Prize.
Buckminster Fuller.
Fuller taught at Black Mountain Collage in North Carolina, where he reinvented his most notable contribution to architecture, the Geodesic Dome. In 1970, Fuller won the AIA Gold Medal for architecture.
Jean Nouvel.
French designer Jean Nouvel went to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. At 25, Novel started a firm with François Seigneur. In addition to his physical contributions to architecture, Nouvel also contributed to the intellectual improvement of the discipline, he co-founded Mars 1976 and the Syndicat de l'Architecture. He also arranged the competitors to rejuvenate the Les Halles district and established the very first Paris architecture biennale in 1980. In 2008, he received the Pritzker Prize for his deal with over 200 tasks, consisting of Doha Office Tower in Qatar and the brand-new 53 East 53rd in New York City.
Frank Gehry.
Pritzker Prize and AIA Gold Medal-winning Canadian-American designer Frank Gehry is one of the most well-known modern architects practicing today. The company now employs 120 architects, including 9 partners in addition to Gehry. Some of the architect's most significant works include the Guggenheim in Bilbao, the Louis Vuitton Foundation, and Biomuseo Panama.

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